Now that the twelve days promoting the genius of BBC Radio 3 with assistance from Mozart is over the station's homepage has returned to normal. Except there is one difference in today's version. All mention of the classical chart has been dropped. As the station controller and Proms director Roger Wright said just eight months ago:
"The Specialist Classical Chart will be a new and significant part of our Radio 3 programming, providing our listeners with more insights into the classical music recording market.My own unmediated voyage of discovery has taken me to the music of Iraq and Munir Bashir, genius of the oud. Munir Bashir was born in northern Iraq in 1930 and spent the early part of his career in Baghdad. He left Iraq for Hungary in the early 1960s where he studied with Zoltán Kodály. In 1971 Bashir made a commercial recording for the French national radio station ORTF which launched his career in the West and was largely responsible for popularising the oud with Western audiences. Minir Bashir died in 1997 aged just 67.
The header image shows the CD of the 1971 sessions from the Ocora label. This disc provides compelling aural evidence of why Munir Bashir is known as the "emir of the oud" and couples peerless playing with classic 1970s analogue studio sound and a wonderfully educative sleeve essay from Simon Jargy, chairman of the Arabic and Islamic Studies department at the University of Geneva.. This essay includes the following fascinating explanation of how the maqām system of melodic modes is linked to the mystical strands of Islam and shares common ground with another current thread, dualist doctrines and Gnosticism:
Music then is of divine origin and its genesis is directly linked with Creation and the cosmos: the planets and all the elements of nature form a setting in which music has an integral part. This gives rise to a symbolic vision of the universe, according to which the two principles of creation - the god of good and the god of evil - were both singers and everything is animated to music, which in itself is part of god; the planets which guide man's destiny play a primordial role. Each of the twelve maqām corresponds to one of the twelve signs of the Zodiac. This in turn leads to associations with the four elements: wind, fire, earth and water, as well as with numerals and letters of the alphabet, in a mystical allegory.Credit should go to the Ocora label for restricting the the CD to the original 41 minute LP programme rather than padding it out with aurally disconnected bonus tracks from other sessions. Ocora was founded in 1957 by composer, pianist and musicologist Charles Duvelle with assistance from Pierre Schaeffer and is now part of Radio France. A 1968 Ocora disc Musique du Burundi spawned the Burundi Beat phenomena which became a UK chart success for Adam and the Ants and Bow Wow Wow and went on to become an underground club classic as well as an example of how copyright for a rhythm is a difficult proposition. And that mention of the charts takes this unmediated voyage of discovery full circle. The invaluable essay for the Munir Bashir disc also contains explanatory musical examples of oud tablature. Or should that be oud charts? More lessons for less lute here.
* An Ocora CD of North Indian ragas featured in a post here.
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